Boating Down the Canal-du-Midi: A Different Kind of Working Holiday

The day was hot and sticky. The same as all the days that had proceeded it. I was distracted. We were several days into a week long self-crewed barge trip down the Canal-du-Midi. We had reached our umpteenth lock (or ecluse as the French say) of the morning, and several crew members had abandoned ship in favor of a bicycle ride. I was watching the people we had dropped on the banks of the canal and did not see the bridge until it was too late.

Bridge on the Canal-du-Midi

They warn you when you pick up your barge that there are low bridges all along the 17th century canal; the bridges are part of its charm. Of the thirty people in our party, across four different barges, not one person had failed to duck under the bridges. I put an end to that winning streak.

It was when I realized that I was inches away from colliding face first with a bridge and failed to make any moves at all that I discovered not everyone has fights or flees when they see danger, some of us just freeze. Thankfully, E is level-headed in stressful situations. He pulled me mostly out of harms way and I came out of the incident with just a bump on the forehead instead of a broken nose.


If you are wondering if this was the worst thing that happened on the canal, let me assure that it was not. Someone else fell in to the water and broke a few ribs.

The Canal-du-Midi is not a place you would ever want to swim. Operating your own barge down it however makes for an interesting and often times hilarious vacation. But only if you like your vacations light on the R & R.

Throwing Lines in a Lock on the Canal-du-Midi



The What: A week-long, self-operated barge trip down the Canal-du-Midi, beginning in Narbonne and ending in Trèbes (just outside of the medieval city of Carcassonne).

Le Boat on the Canal-du-Midi

The Who: Thirty friends and family, all between the ages of 18-65.

The Who Part II, The Rental Company: Le Boat. Le Boat has barge rental operations throughout Europe. We booked 4 barges through a travel agent who recommend the Languedoc region for our time of year and a party of our size. (The region is beautiful. The weather was uncharacteristically sweltering.)

The Why: My parents’ thirtieth wedding anniversary. (But do you really need a why to go to France?)

Waiting for the Ecluse to Fill



Is It Right for You?

Traveling up (or down) the Canal-du-Midi is undeniably a unique experience. There are over 90 locks in operation on the canal. The original 17th century locks were single-sluice wooden gates, and while they are now metal and mechanized, the basic design has not changed much over the years.

Water Through the Sluice

The canal itself is a feat of engineering. It took sixteen years to build, and runs essentially from one coast of France to the other. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the canal boasts incredible views and architecture. Unfortunately, the plane trees that have historically lined the banks have been struck in recent years by a nasty blight, leaving many bare spots along the waterway. Although, the government is in the midst of a big replanting effort, which is lovely to see.

Plane Tree Saplings

The canal was used for commercial traffic as late as the 1970s and the water has the dirty look of the Mississippi River. There is something impossibly frustrating about boating through water in which you cannot swim. In Homps and just outside of Trèbes, we tracked down lakes. The weather was above ninety degrees each day, and without the shade of the plane trees along the canal it became unbearably hot at times.

Of the four barges, three of them functioned almost perfectly. Unfortunately, the barge I was on suffered from several malfunctions. It was given to us without a bimini top (a collapsable canvas awning) because the previous renters had broken it. Le Boat offered us plastic umbrellas and gave us a partial refund, but the umbrellas were largely ineffective. Our boat also had problems with its air cooling system (not to be confused with air-conditioning, which none of the boats have), its throttle, and its electrical hook-up. All of which made for eight very grumpy sailors. Le Boat did refund us after we filed a claim, but having a broken boat made the canal journey unnecessarily challenging.

Most people are apprehensive about getting through the locks. This part of the process is actually very straightforward, and can even be fun. It is slow going though if you are moving up the locks instead of down, and it requires that you have at minimum three crew members (one to steer, one to toss ropes, and one on the banks to tie the ropes off) committed to spending the day on the boat actively working.

Ecluse Gailhousty, Canal de la Robine

We rented bicycles through Le Boat as well and had grand plans to spend large portions of the day biking along the canal or to nearby towns. Naturally, even the best laid plans oft go awry and the heat and the locks meant that we spent less time on the bikes than we would have liked. The stretches from Le Somail to Ventenac and Trèbes to Carcassonne made for particularly nice rides. Top tip: Check the bikes before you leave your starting location. We had several chains fall off and a few people’s tires got caught in their breaks.


Cycling on the Canal du Midi

If you are looking for vacation in the south of France where you can drink wine, read books and generally lounge, this vacation could be for you, as long as you are happy to drink wine, read books, lounge, and throw ropes, swab decks, spend a lot of time in the sun, and shower  inside a tiny box.

Argens-Minervois, Canal du Midi

Places to Stop:

Narbonne: Roman and medieval ruins intersect in Narbonne’s very photogenic old town. There is also a decent grocery store and an excellent market so you can stock up on essentials like olive oil and soap and also get your artisan cheese and meat.

Narbonne Old Town


Le Somail: This is a small village on the canal. We spent our first night here. The docks with electrical hookups were very busy, but there are plenty of spots to pull up along the canal. There are a few restaurant options right on the water and there is a wonderful grocery barge, which you should get to early in the morning in order to grab fresh croissants. The barge also had some of the best cheese I ate the whole trip, so that’s saying something.

Le Somail


Ventenac de Minervois: While there are many vineyards throughout the Languedoc region, Chateau Ventenac is right on the canal side. Its a perfect lunch stop. Pay for the self-guided “tour” of the museum just to see the old vineyard equipment, and then go taste the wine. Their desert wine was fabulous, and they sell a fairly decent rosé by the jug.

Chateau de Ventenac


Homps: This town is picturesquely quaint. Here, the canal is lined with luxury holiday barges that boast fine wooden decks and well-dressed staff. Grab your bikes (or walk) from the docks to Lac de Jouarres for a well deserved swim.

Homps, France


La Redorte: This city has a full grocery store so its a great place to restock. There is an interesting little chateau tucked behind the main street, and several quirky store fronts.

Used Books in La Redorte


Trèbes: Although the town is mostly an access point for Carcassonne, it has its own charms. This was the last destination to which we actually boated. (It is much faster to cycle or take the bus to Carcassonne than to fight through all the locks). Trèbes has a little laundromat and a plethora of choices for canal side dining. We had a really fun final meal here at La Poissonnerie Moderne. They were very accommodating to our large party.


Lac de Cavayère: The heat was brutal the entire time we were on the Canal-du-Midi. As a result we accelerated our timeline and pushed on down the canal to arrive in Trèbes a day early. This freed us up for a day excursion to the lake. Biking to Lac de Cavayère would put you on some good sized highways, so we bit the bullet and paid for taxis. It was worth it. The Lake has two beaches, one rock and one sand, but we set up shore side under the shade of some trees. The water was bright blue and just the right amount of cool for a warm, humid day.



Carcassonne / La Bastide Saint-Louis: Carcassonne is as stunning as it is touristy, and it was the perfect place to end our trip. If you are coming up from the canal, you will actually dock at La Bastide Saint-Louis. La Bastide is the part of town in which people actually live. It has large squares filled with restaurants, a lovely farmers’ market, and plenty of shopping. It is a lovely little walk through La Bastide to reach La Cité, the colloquially name for Carcassonne.


La Cité is a walled medieval city that looks like a Disney fantasy come to life. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage site, and represents over 2,500 years of French history. It has withstood attacks from Visigoth, Crusaders and the French bureaucracy, and is truly something spectacular to behold. It is well worth paying for tickets to walk along the ramparts and explore the historical exhibits, but the best part of the city is that it is still operational. True to medieval form, when you enter the city gates you will find twisting walled street after twisting walled street filled with shops and restaurants, making La Cité the ideal place to pick up souvenirs for family and friends.



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